Legalisierung Von Cannabis In Deutschland

Millions von people on regular basis use illegal drugs. After Germany"s upcoming parliament election, medicine legalization aussehen set kommen sie be a new issue on die political agenda.

Du schaust: Legalisierung von cannabis in deutschland


In Germany, one in three adults have smoked cannabis at the very least once

With watershed elections looming bei Germany, some politicians are talking around a new approach zu drug control.

The opposition Free democracy (FDP), for whom civil liberties room a major issue, oase called zum the limited and legal sale zu adults von "cannabis for leisure consumption." in view of growing globalen sales of cannabis for medical purposes und private pleasure, die business-friendly fdp is also looking kommen sie turn "Cannabis Made in Germany" right into a lucrative export product.

Things space really beginning to happen in the dispute over illegal drugs — and, over all, cannabis. Hilfreich a century des restrictive drug policies across Europe has not helped kommen sie significantly stifle need or slash supply. Even the covid pandemic has had no real effect on die flourishing schwarz market.

Despite lockdowns und border checks, "at die beginning of 2020, the European drug market was characterized von the widespread availability des a diverse range von drugs des increasingly high purity or potency," said a report published in mid-June über the European security Center zum Drugs and Drug addiction (EMCDDA).


Cannabis: Drug des choice

Sales von illegal drugs an Europe are now reported kommen sie be worth part €30 billion ($15.5 billion). And, nur like an other nations around die world, marihuana is deshalb by far ns most well-known prohibited drug bei Europe. Despite all die bans und crackdowns, EMCDDA numbers suggest that virtually 30% von all adult Europeans will try smoking marihuana as a joint or through apipe at least oncein their lives. Bei Germany, too, every dritter adult has actually smoked cannabis at least once in their lives, indicating there zu sein a high level des acceptance weil das the drug an many sectors des society.

This defines why a growing number des lawyers and prosecutors, criminologists, polizei officers, und social workers room questioning ns reasoning behind prohibitionist policies. Political leaders are so beginning to ask whether ns police and state prosecutors are ns right instruments zum protecting people"s health. Die discussion has been fueled by one key trend:In an ext than a quarter of all united state states, adult are jetzt permitted zu buy quantities des their favorite drug — legally.

Four von the six parties currently represented in the Bundestag, ns German parliament, room committed kommen sie backing bei end to die prohibition policy.

Finding die right strategy

Of course, there room differences bolzen the miscellaneous political parties. But ns Green partyand die FDP, die Left Party, and the social Democrats (SPD) every agree that existing drug strategies based on prohibition are a failure. They space all calling zum new approaches kommen sie pave a path betwee strategies favor legalization, decriminalization, und regulation.

Wieland Schinnenburg, the FDP"s parliamentary gruppe spokesman on drug und addiction policy, told that there are an estimated 4 million regular cannabis users in Germany. And their fates space being left to the ruthless forces von the schwarz market, wherein there are no high quality standards.

What"s more, claims Schinnenburg, die state zu sein losing out on considerable revenue. "If the market were to get main approval, the zustand would of kurse take in tax earnings that could, an turn, be invested on prevention und therapy."

So just how much money are we talking about here? Well, bei 2018, that was precisely what Justus Haucap, professor des economics at düssre University, decided kommen sie find out.

He calculated ns combined amount that could be saved in police and legal services plus revenue through taxes revenuetotaled roughly €2.6 billion.

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The Greens are ns only party to so far kommen sie forward with an extensive draft regulation designed kommen sie tackle die problem. Your "Cannabis manage Bill" ist mainly based upon thecontrolled circulation of marihuana to adults weist designated sales points. Ns idea is to dry out the schwarze farbe market, provide better protection zum youngsters, remove some of the burdens from ns shoulders of police and the legit system, and bring in tax revenue that might be used for prevention and treatment. But, belastung October, the bundestag rejected die bill.

Criminalized consumers

Heino Stöver says new initiatives an drug regulate policies are"long overdue." the Frankfurt-based social scientist is a acquainted face for members des the Bundestag"s health Committee, where he regularly provides expert reports und testimony.

Speaking kommen sie, Stöver pointed to die high number of verbrecher cases on polizei records. "We have registered in all-time high through over 358,000 so-called narcotics offenses." nearly four-fifths des that total, that continued, involve yes, really consumption. In other words: a user has been caught an possession of nur a few grams von marijuanaand a heroin addict through his jeden tag shot. What happens is: not authorised consumers are criminalized — regularly with disastrous consequences for their workplace, a cultivate position, or bei their circle des friends and relatives.

Police und the criminal justice services find themselves buried beneath bei avalanche des ultimately petty cases.

Not kommen sie forget the perils of the schwarze farbe market and the uncontrolled assets that are marketed there. Ns European drug Report consists of plenty of examples weil das the resultant horrors: Gangsters, weil das instance, who blended inferior top quality marijuanawith lethal man-made cannabinoids, leaving end 20 people dead bei Hungary in the summer of 2020.

Heino Stöver dismisses any kind of prospect of a drug-free, abstinent die gesellschaft as just fiction: "And die majority des people in society don"t share bei that vision bei the zuerst place," states Stöver, pointing to the pleasure principle that ist central to drug consumption. Over there are, he adds, very few societies in human history that have not actually resorted zu drugs.


Daniela Luconwayhistory.orgig,the German government"s drug commissioner, only freshly spoke out against in initiative kommen sie legalize cannabis — referring to die primary obligation zu protect children.

But Luconwayhistory.orgig, a conservative from die Bavarian csu party, "did concede that deploying ns full force des the law against somebody caught zum the zuerst time in possession of cannabis is counterproductive." She pointed kommen sie Portugal"s plan of

"decriminalization, that ist moving away from die application of verbrecher law and towards knowledge that what we room seeing are petty offenses. A echt alternative if coupled with binding counseling options."

But Germany"s conservative are far from blume on such a strategy. Bei their 140-page manifesto zum the upcoming election, there zu sein not a single mention of the native cannabis.

However, when ns dust ultimately settles on die autumn election und negotiations to form a neu government coalition acquire underway, it wollen simply notfall be possible zu sweep die many pressing questions bordering drug policies under the carpet.

This short article has been analyzed from German.

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